Heterogeneous Biomaterials 

Polymer-based hydrogels have exhibited tremendous promise as synthetic tissue scaffolds, allowing surrogate tissues to be implanted in vivo for the immediate restoration of function and longer-term evolution into native tissue. A well-recognized disfunction of polymer hydrogel-based cell carriers is the inability to separate the gels' mechanical and physical transport properties during scaffold degradation. This leads to materials that are suboptimal in one aspect or another, often catastrophically so, during a critical period of their evolution. We are developing self-assembled particulate tissue scaffolds, composed of multiple hydrogel phases, to decouple these critical scaffold parameters, control temporal and spatial evolution during scaffold reorganization and explore scaffold structure-property relationships.

 

Inertial Microfluidics

Microscale fabrication lends precise control over physical phenomena and fluid dynamics at small length scales. An excellent illustration of this is inertial focusing, a phenomena by which small particles in flowing fluids are laterally re-positioned by lift forces occurring between particle and channel surfaces. This behavior depends strongly on particle size, making it an ideal approach to membrane-free filtration, particle enrichment, depletion and size-selective sorting. We are working to elucidate the physical principles of inertial focusing in order to better approach device design and construction. In biomedicine, these principles may be applied to develop new diagnosis, prognosis monitoring and disease progression monitoring platforms.

 

Multi-Temporal Analysis by Flow Cytometry

Microfluidics and inertial microfluidics, in particular, have and will continue to be applied in emerging miniaturized flow cytometry platforms for applications ranging from fundamental biology to high-throughput screening and medical diagnostics. Modern flow cytometry platforms are high throughput and very sensitive but consume copious sample volume and are not particularly flexible or reconfigurable. We seek to develop new microfluidic tools for high-throughput, closed-loop flow cytometers that will allow particle tracking for successive screening and multi-temporal data acquisition. These platforms will have applications in biotechnology, medical diagnostics and even biofuels production.